Prambanan Temple is the largest Hindu temple in Indonesia as well as one of the most beautiful temples in Southeast Asia. According to the Siwagrha inscription, this temple began to be built during the reign of Rakai Pikatan (mid-9th century) of the Ancient Mataram Kingdom.

Prambanan Temple was awarded the title of World Cultural Heritage under the name Prambanan Temple Compounds (Prambanan Temple, Sewu Temple, Lumbung Temple, Bubrah Temple, and Asu Temple) from UNESCO in 1991.

This temple has been legendary through the love story between Bandung Bandawasa and Rara Jongrang. Rara Jonggrang asked for a thousand temples in one night as a condition for Bandung Bandawasa's application.

With the help of jinn creatures, Bandung Bandawasa was able to complete a thousand temples, which in the end was thwarted by Rara Jonggrang himself. Knowing the fraud committed by Rara Jonggrang, Bandung Bandawasa was angry and cursed Rara Jonggrang to be the last statue of the thousand temples he built in one night. Then a female statue appeared in one of the Prambanan Temple statues.

Prambanan Temple is decorated with reliefs that tell the story of Ramayana and Krishnayana. The story of the Ramayana is also staged in the form of a ballet every Tuesday night, Thursday night, and Saturday night. The Prambanan Ramayana Ballet holds the Guinness World Records world record as the Ramayana dance performance that involves the most dancers as well as the longest ballet and regularly performs the Ramayana dance from 1961 to 2012.